Learn by Design
Design In Education
The design process is used in art and engineering, as well as many aspects of work where planning is required for a successful outcome. According to Clair Byrd of InVision, “Design requires a function and art does not. Design is results driven and art isn’t necessarily. The main difference stems from the objective of the work. When a designer starts working, he knows in advance what he’s tasked to achieve. He is driven by an objective, a plan, a client, a contract. The artist’s driver is imagination.” However, it is important to note, as Steve Mehalo points out in Make Jobs Not War, “Artists or designers plan the arrangements of elements to form a visual pattern”.
Art and Design Creative Process in Education
Defining criteria and constrains for the design. What is to be achieved (visual or intellectual effect is desired)? Who is the design for? Are there visual stylistic requirements (illustrative,abstract, non-objective)? Are there physical limitations (size, color, media)? When is the solution needed?
Creative design starts with researching subjects of nature, artifacts, history and culture. Designers brain storm ideas and points of view and make sketches prototypes, or wire frames. Design reviews are common at each step of the design until the design is complete.
Observe and Iterate
Optimizing the design involves a process where the design is presented, observations are made to see of the design meets the intended results and fixes to the flaws are incorporated into the new design.
Engineering Design Process in Education
Defining an engineering problem requires a clear statement of the problem that the design is trying to solve, including the criteria for success. This will include the constraints, which includes time, materials, know-how, and other limiting factors. The defining process drives the solution ideas.
Developing solutions to an engineering problems starts with brain storming ideas, blue print drawings with measurements and parts lists, generating the design in software if necessary, outputting design, then evaluating the design to determine if it meets the set criteria and constraints of the problem.
Optimizing the design involves a process where the design flaws are analyzed and new solutions to fix the flaws are incorporated into the design. Design improvements may require trade offs of the features in order to meet the design solution criteria.